An integral part of a “Slip & Fall” accident is the FLOOR. As the complete floor expert, Interior Specifications is fully aware of the appropriateness of each floor surface for ambulation. Extensive research and evaluation of floor surface materials has been underway at Interior Specifications since the enactmentment of Public Law 101, The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990.
Interior Specifications reviewed the standards of care for safe ambulation as specified by OSHA, ANSI, and ASTM. We have read floor maintenance protocols and instructed major retailers. Aided in the preparation of these protocols for The GAP, and Banana Republic. Our owner, Kenneth D. Newson, FACFE, DABFE, DABFET, has published and updated a treatise on the Coefficient of Friction and current science *(read The Daubert Dilemma in the Slip & Fall Case). Interior Specifications has provided forensic information on the Coefficient of Friction of Ice, Concrete, Rubber Flooring, Vinyl Flooring Natural Stone, Ceramic Tile and Carpet. We have made forensic studies for other experts in the area of shoe safety, ambulation proclivities of the aged, infirm, and obese.
English XL Slipmeter
ASTM F1679-04 “Standard Test
Method for using a Variable Incidence
ASTM F1679-e1 (Withdrawn 2006)
Brungraber Mark II Slipmeter
ASTM F1677-05 “Standard Test Method for using a Portable
Incineable Articulating Strut Slip Tester (PIAST )
ASTM F1677-05 (Withdrawn 2006)
Since 1998, Interior Specifications has represented over 100 slip and fall plaintiffs, and over 100 slip & fall defendants. Interior Specifications has testified as to the standard of care in the hospitality industry, and the real estate management industry (Mr. Newson complete the Certified Property Manager Curriculum of the National Board of Realtors), as it pertains to floor safety. Interior Specifications has testified to the appropriate floor safety specifications in airports, on trains, hospitals, restaurants, and banks.
Since 1998, Interior Specifications has represented over 100 slip and fall plaintiffs, and over 100 slip & fall defendants. We have been hired to provide forensic studies for hospitals, shopping malls, airports, restaurants, boat docks, religious centers, schools and parking lots boat docks, religious centers, schools and parking lots.
Our clients include many of the liability carriers in the United States, and yet each case is represented on its merits, without regard to the names in the case caption.
A human being walking on a floor, this makes up a system. Any breakdown in a system can lead to a failure. The point is, if there is an anomaly in the floor it may precipitate a slip and fall, if there is an anomaly in the human being it may precipitate a slip and fall. This would be a failure of the system.
As Forensic Scientists, it is the job of Interior Specifications to gather information from credible sources and relate that information to our expertise in floors. We look at standards published by OSHA, ANSI, ASTM and others, such as the National Floor Safety Institute. Interior Specifications investigates the roll the floor plays in a Slip & Fall accident. In our role as investigators we have studied Age, Health, Obesity, and its effects on ambulation. Also, shoes and their role in a slip & Fall.
Floor covering materials are tested in a laboratory using a bench test under ASTM F2047, the James Machine. Materials manufacturers then post the result of this test in their “Product Data Sheet”. We are licensed to perform many types of field tests on floors. Since September 2005 ASTM F1028 has been the applicable protocol for the measurement of Static Coefficient of Friction on a smooth polished surface in the field (see The Daubert Dilemma in the Slip & Fall Case). The standard describes a drag sled that is cumbersome but effective.
Interior Specifications is a licensed floor covering contractor, and knowledge with construction techniques that effect the floor. Things like the construction of stairs and ramps, or the location of a hand rail can play a role in a Slip & Fall accident.
IS THIS SUPERMARKET FLOOR SAFE?
IS THIS FLOOR SAFE IN A HOSPITAL?
Interior Specifications answers floor safety questions, after a thorough investigation.
What materials make the safest floor in an area exposed to contaminate? Interior Specifications can answer that question.
Kenneth D. Newson, FABFE, DABFET, DABFET is a graduate of the Institute of Real Estate Management, part of the National Board of Realtors, qualifying to be a Certified Property Managers. He is fully aware of the standards of care in the Real Estate Management Industry, an experienced facilities manager.
Interior Specifications has provided expert testimony in over 300 Personal Injury cases, ½ Plaintiff and ½ defense (approx.), in over 10 different states and Federal Court.
There are many standards related to ambulation on planar surfaces.
Is this planar surface safe?
Is this planar surface safe?